ORCHID : 10 most beautiful Orchids plants types

10 most beautiful Orchid s plants types

Prized for their exotic flowers, orchid come in a vast range of shapes and colors, and some also have scented blooms, this is 10 most beautiful Orchids plants types.

The stars of any show, use one as a focal point in a bright room, or recreate their natural inclination to cling to trees by growing those with aerial roots on bark or a log.

While some of these divas demand lots of attention, others most notably the widely available moth orchids (Phalaenopsis)—will thrive without too much fuss.

1 – SPIDER ORCHID (Brassia species)

TEMPERATURE 55–75°F (12–24°C)

LIGHT Bright indirect

HUMIDITY High

CARE Average

HEIGHT & SPREAD Up to 3 x 3ft (1 x 1m)

spider orchid

spider orchid

Like colorful spiders crawling along arching stems, the unusual blooms of this orchid comprise long, thin, yellow or green , with brown or maroon stripes or spots, attached to a rounded central lip.

The spidery flowers also have a delicious spicy scent and appear in late spring and summer, while the pseudobulbs (swellings at the base of the stems) each produce two or three long, strap-shaped green leaves.

WATERING

Allow the top of the potting soil to dry out between waterings in spring and summer. Partly submerge the pot in a tray of unsoftened water for half an hour, then leave to drain.

In winter, the plant needs a rest and should be kept drier, watering just enough to prevent the pseudobulbs from shrinking.

Mist the leaves daily from spring to late summer and stand the pot on a tray of wet pebbles, or install a room humidifier.

FEEDING

Apply special orchid fertilizer  every other watering from midspring, when new growth emerges, to late summer.

PLANTING AND CARE

Plant the spider orchid in a 4–8in (10–20cm) clear pot in special orchid potting medium (or a 6:1:1 mix of composted bark, perlite, and charcoal).

Do not cover the aerial roots, which should be left exposed to the light.

Set in a bright position, out of direct summer sun and away from drafts, and provide good ventilation.

Cut the flower spike down to just above the first node after blooming, then place in lower light.

The orchid likes to be cramped, so only repot when growth starts to suffer.

 

2 – CYMBIDIUM (Cymbidium species and hybrids)





TEMPERATURE 50–75°F (10–24°C)

LIGHT Bright indirect

HUMIDITY Moderate

CARE Average

HEIGHT & SPREAD 2 x 2ft (60 x 60cm)

for miniatures, and 4 x 21⁄2ft

(1.2 x 0.75m) for standards

NOBILE DENDROBIUM

NOBILE DENDROBIUM

This free-flowering orchid will brighten up your home from late fall to spring, when few other plants are at their best.

The stems of large blooms emerge from between strap-shaped green leaves, creating an explosion of color.

The named hybrids are easier than the species, and there are two types to choose from : large “standards” that can grow up to 4ft (1.2m), and the smaller, more popular “miniatures,” which are ideal for a windowsill.

WATERING

In spring and summer, allow the top of the potting soil to dry out between waterings, and water from above with unsoftened water, making sure that any excess can drain away.

Reduce watering to once every 2 weeks in winter. Place on a tray of wet pebbles.

FEEDING

Apply a half-strength general liquid fertilizer with every third watering in spring, then switch to special orchid fertilizer throughout summer.

PLANTING AND CARE

Plant in a 6–8in (15–20cm) opaque pot in special orchid potting medium (or a 6:1:1 mix of composted bark, perlite, and charcoal).

This ground-dwelling orchid does not have aerial roots, and does not need a clear pot.

Stand in bright light all year, out of direct summer sun. Ideally, set it on a partly shaded patio outdoors in summer and early fall (before the frosts), when plants need a distinct drop between day and night temperatures to form flower buds.

In late fall, keep in a cool room, ideally below 59°F (15°C), bring into a slightly warmer room to flower. Repot every year or two in spring.

 

3 – NOBILE DENDROBIUM (Dendrobium nobile hybrids)





TEMPERATURE 40–75°F (5–24°C)

LIGHT Bright indirect

HUMIDITY Moderate to high

CARE Difficult

HEIGHT & SPREAD 24 x 18in (60 x 45cm)

NOBILE DENDROBIUM

NOBILE DENDROBIUM

Upright canelike stems of scented flowers appear from fall to early spring on this flamboyant orchid. Those with pink or white flowers are the most popular, but they come in a wide range of colors.

Although this is one of the easier dendrobiums to grow, be prepared to pamper it, and do not worry if the plant loses some leaves in winter, as it is a semideciduous.

WATERING

From spring to late summer, water once or twice a week in the morning using lukewarm unsoftened water.

Reduce watering to every 2 weeks in early fall to stimulate flower buds to form, in winter, do not water, but mist occasionally to prevent the pseudobulbs (swellings at the base of the

plant) from shriveling.

Set on a tray of wet pebbles from early spring to late summer.

FEEDING

Apply a half-strength balanced liquid fertilizer every 2–3 weeks from spring to summer. In late summer, change to a half strength high-potassium fertilizer for one month, then discontinue feeding until the following spring.

PLANTING AND CARE

Plant this orchid in a 6–8in (15–20cm) clear pot in special orchid potting medium (or a 6:1:1 mix of composted bark, perlite, and charcoal).

Grow in a bright spot, out of direct summer sun, and away from drafts.

To bloom, this dendrobium needs a distinct difference between day and night temperatures, and it is best grown outside in semishade from summer to early fall (before the frosts).

In winter when blooming, keep it in an unheated room with a nighttime temperature of about 50°F (10°C) or slightly lower. Repot every year in spring.

 

4 – PANSY ORCHID (Miltoniopsis hybrids)

TEMPERATURE 54–80°F (12–27°C)

LIGHT Bright indirect/Medium

HUMIDITY High

CARE Average

HEIGHT & SPREAD 2 x 2ft (60 x 60cm)

PANSY ORCHID

PANSY ORCHID

Often labeled as Miltonia (hybrids of Miltoniopsis), this compact orchid produces large, fragrant blooms with distinctive pansylike markings on the face, hence its common name. The flowers can appear in spring or fall, depending on the hybrid.

WATERING

In the summer, apply unsoftened water every day or two from above, giving the plant a good soaking, and then leave it to drain.

In winter, reduce watering to once every 2–3 weeks. Set on a tray of wet pebbles and mist every few days.

FEEDING

Apply special orchid fertilizer every 2 weeks, but flush the plant with plenty of unsoftened water once a month to prevent a build-up of salts.

PLANTING AND CARE

Plant in a 6–8in (15–20cm) clear pot in special orchid potting medium (or a 6:1:1 mix of composted bark, perlite, and charcoal).

The pansy orchid will be happy in medium light in summer, move closer to the window in winter. Avoid direct sun and drafts, and repot annually in spring.

 

5 – BUTTERFLY ORCHID (Oncidium hybrids)

TEMPERATURE 55–77°F (13–25°C)

LIGHT Bright indirect

HUMIDITY Moderate

CARE Average

HEIGHT & SPREAD Up to 2 x 2ft

(60 x 60cm)

BUTTERFLY ORCHID

BUTTERFLY ORCHID

The stems of this dainty orchid hold dozens of small flowers that look like butterflies or dancing ladies, creating

a spectacular effect, usually in fall.

The hybrids are relatively easy and can be mounted on bark or slate.

WATERING

Apply unsoftened water when the top of the potting soil is slightly dry.

In winter, water just once a month. Set on a tray of wet pebbles and mist every day or two.

FEEDING

Apply special orchid fertilizer, diluted to one-quarter strength, with every second or third watering.

PLANTING AND CARE

Grow on bark, or in a 5–6in (12.5–15cm) opaque pot in special orchid potting medium.

It likes to be cramped, so repot only when the pot becomes too small for the new growth.

 

6 – SLIPPER ORCHID (Paphiopedilum “Maudiae Femma”)

TEMPERATURE 63–77°F (17–25°C)

LIGHT Bright indirect/Medium

HUMIDITY Moderate

CARE Average

HEIGHT & SPREAD 12 x 8in

(30 x 20cm)

SLIPPER ORCHID

SLIPPER ORCHID

This orchid has great allure and features large showy flowers in a wide range of colors, with a distinctive slipperlike pouch that gives rise to its common name.

The blooms generally appear for many weeks from winter to early summer, although some hybrids flower at other times, too.

The long green or mottled leaves form a fan shape, and provide interest while the plant is not in flower.

Named hybrids are easier than the species to look after.

WATERING

Using unsoftened water, keep the potting soil moist from spring to fall, applying water once or twice a week.

Reduce watering in winter, but do not let the potting soil dry out completely.

Set on a tray of wet pebbles to raise humidity levels, but do not mist, as this may lead to rotting.

FEEDING

Apply special orchid fertilizer every 2–3 weeks from spring to fall, in winter, apply it at half-strength and at the same frequency.

PLANTING AND CARE

Grow the slipper orchid in a 5–8in (15–20cm) opaque pot in special orchid potting medium (or a 4:1 mix of finely composted bark and perlite).

This ground-dwelling orchid does not need a clear pot, as it produces no aerial roots. Grow in medium light in summer, out of direct sun, and in full light in winter.

The plain green–leaved orchids like cool conditions, the more widely available mottle-leaved types need warmth, with a minimum of 63°F (17°C) at night.

Repot annually after flowering in a slightly larger container, making sure new growth is not buried.

 

7 – MOTH ORCHID (Phalaenopsis hybrids)

TEMPERATURE 61–80°F (16–27°C)

LIGHT Bright indirect/Medium

HUMIDITY Moderate

CARE Easy

HEIGHT & SPREAD Up to 3 x 2ft

(90 x 60cm)

MOTH ORCHID

MOTH ORCHID

One of the most widely available and easiest orchids to grow, the moth orchid produces long arching stems topped with large round blooms in a huge range of colors, some with delicate patterning.

The flowers can appear at any time of the year. There are also miniature hybrids for small spaces, and all types are happy in high daytime winter temperatures and will grow well in a centrally heated home.

WATERING

Keep the potting soil moist at all times and apply water every 5–7 days in the morning (ideally, use softened water in hard-water areas).

Reduce watering slightly in winter, but do not let the potting soil dry out completely.

Set on a tray of wet pebbles, mist the plants occasionally in the morning, which allows excess water to dry before the colder nights.

FEEDING

Apply a special orchid fertilizer with each watering once a week, but flush through the plant with plain water and no fertilizer once a month to remove excess salts. Reduce feeding to once a month in winter.

PLANTING AND CARE

Plant in a 4–6in (10–15cm) clear pot in special orchid potting medium (or a 6:1:1 mix of composted bark, perlite, and charcoal).

Do not bury the aerial roots, which need to be exposed. Set in medium light in summer, bring closer to a bright window in winter.

Avoid drafts and major temperature fluctuations, these orchids prefer warmth year-round.

After flowering, cut the stem just above the lowest node (bump on stem) to encourage a second bloom.

Repot every 2 years in a slightly larger container.

 

8 – VANDA ORCHID (Vanda hybrids)

TEMPERATURE 61–90°F (16–32°C)

LIGHT Bright indirect

HUMIDITY High

CARE Difficult

HEIGHT & SPREAD 4 x 2ft (1.2 x 0.6m)

VANDA ORCHID

VANDA ORCHID

This tropical orchid is demanding, but its large colorful blooms, often patterned and up to 6in (15cm) in diameter, make the effort worthwhile when they appear in spring and summer. Vandas need very high levels of humidity, and they are commonly grown in a vase or an open wire basket without potting soil.

WATERING

Water every morning by plunging the roots into a bucket of lukewarm unsoftened water for 15 minutes until the roots go green, then drain, reduce to every 3–4 days in winter.

Vandas demand high humidity and should be misted a few times a day, alternatively, install a humidifier.

FEEDING

Mist the leaves and roots once a week with a ready-mixed orchid fertilizer spray.

Apply every 2 months in winter.

PLANTING AND CARE

Grow in a slatted basket or in a large clear vase with no potting soil.

Set in a bright spot, out of direct summer sun, but in good light in winter.

A heated, well-ventilated room or greenhouse is ideal.

Lower nighttime temperatures in fall encourage flower buds to form.

To repot, soak the roots and gently pull them away from the sides of the basket, then place the plant in its small basket into a larger basket, the roots will then grow on without disturbance.

 

9 – CAMBRIA ORCHID ( type of orchid : Vuylstekeara Cambria gx ‘Plush’)

type of orchid TEMPERATURE 50–75°F (10–24°C)

LIGHT Bright indirect

HUMIDITY High

CARE Difficult

HEIGHT & SPREAD Up to 20 x 14in

(50 x 35cm)

While this beautiful hybrid orchid is not widely available, it is worth seeking out if you like a challenge.

The rewards for your efforts are tall arched stems of large, dark red, fragrant flowers, with white spotted lips and a yellow eye.

The long-lasting blooms appear at any time of year, but mostly in winter or spring.

WATERING

Apply unsoftened water when the top of the potting soil is slightly dry (use the method described for Brassia) and water every 5–7 days from spring to fall, and every 7–10 days in winter.

Set on a tray of wet pebbles and mist the leaves every day or two, or install a room humidifier.

FEEDING

Apply a half-strength orchid fertilizer with every second or third watering year-round.

PLANTING AND CARE

Grow in a 4–8in (10–20cm) clear pot in special orchid potting medium.

To promote flowering, make sure there is a 10°F (6°C) drop in temperature at night.

After flowering, trim back the stems to just above the lowest node (bump on stem) to encourage a second bloom of blooms.

Repot only when the pseudobulbs (swellings at the base of the stems) fill the container completely.

 

10 – NELLY ISLER ( type of orchid : Oncidopsis Nelly Isler gx)

TEMPERATURE 60–75°F (16–24°C)

LIGHT Bright indirect/Medium

HUMIDITY High

CARE Difficult

HEIGHT & SPREAD Up to 20 x 20in

(50 x 50cm)

NELLY ISLER

NELLY ISLER

This orchid hybrid is prized for its tall stems of bright red flowers with white spotted lips and a yellow eye.

Blooms appear at any time of year, but most flower in fall, and they have an intense lemony fragrance.

WATERING

Using unsoftened water, apply when the top of the potting soil is slightly dry (see watering method for Brassia ).

In winter, reduce watering slightly. Set on a tray of wet pebbles and mist every day or two.

FEEDING

Apply a half-strength orchid fertilizer every 2 weeks year-round.

PLANTING AND CARE ORCHID

Grow in a 6–8in (15–20cm) clear pot in special orchid potting medium.

Keep out of direct sun, in temperatures of 60–75°F (16–24°C).

After flowering, trim the stems to just above the lowest node (bump on the stem) to encourage a second bloom.

Repot every year or two in spring, orchid.